Anti-corruption in the OGP
2019-04-10 16:31 Wednesday
On January 29, 2019, Transparency International released the 2018 edition of its Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI). Unfortunately, it does not bring good news. More than two-thirds scored below 50 (100 means no corruption), with an average score of 43.
Although many corrupt suspects are at the top and bottom of society, there are worrying signs that no country is immune from the tentacles of corruption. From top to bottom, all countries can do more to fight corruption.
You might ask yourself, after years of anti-corruption efforts around the world, why do we still see such mediocre results?
There is no denying that in the past two decades, some tangible progress has been made in fighting corruption. For example, most countries in the world have ratified the United Nations Convention against Corruption and have joined various international anti-corruption organizations to propose anti-corruption programs. At the national level, anti-corruption reforms have been passed in parliament and anti-corruption laws have been enacted.
However, while many countries are proud of their legal frameworks and continue to make more commitments, the picture is very different in terms of implementation.
This is not surprising, since the hardest part is always execution. All the obstacles are exposed at this stage: political backsliding, a lack of technical capacity, leadership changes and insufficient fund are common reasons for slow or no progress on anti-corruption reform. Therefore, addressing these challenges is necessary to ensure that commitments become actions and actions become results. Only in this way can corruption be reduced and everyone's quality of life improved.
One of the ways we are looking to address the implementation gap is in Partnership with the Open Government Partnership. As an implementation mechanism for policy reforms, the OGP can make ambitious reforms in the national action plan to improve the government's ability to prevent, detect and sanction corruption.
The OGP facilitates implementation by providing a country-level mechanism for consulting, formulating and writing commitments on specific commitments such as time-frames, monitoring and evaluation. This includes commitments made at international forums, such as the UK Anti-Corruption Summit, and more recently during the 2018 International Anti-Corruption Conference.